Curriculum - EYFS

The Early years Programme at Tadpoles British Nursery, we believe that by unlocking a child’s creative potential, learning is maximised through a sensory, visual, auditory, and kinesthetic experience. This creative approach, along with a focus on the important seven areas of learning for early years, combines to offer an integrated holistic learning program where independent learning, curiosity and enthusiasm are developed. Research tells us that young children learn best through practical and hands – on play experiences and exploration.  

The seven areas of learning combine with this approach to lay the foundation for future learning. 
The following outline some of the key concepts in each area:

This area of learning is about emotional well-being, knowing who you are and where you fit in and feeling good about yourself. It is also about developing respectfor others, social competence and a positive disposition to learn.  

Children will be offered the opportunity to: 

• Develop care of self and the environment.
• Take turns, share and play appropriately
• Build confidence and self-esteem
• Understand right from wrong
• Understand and value differences between
people, cultures and religions
• Develop independence 
• Adjust to change
• Express feelings appropriately

Personal, social and emotional development

Communication, and language

This area of learning includes communication, speaking and listening and

developing crucial skills for developing language and engaging in meaningful dialogue with adults and peers.

Children will have the opportunity to: 

• Enjoy listening to and using spoken and written language and readily

turn it into play and use it to communicate their needs with others.
• Extend their vocabulary and develop language skills
• Use puppets and props to make up or retell stories.
• Listen to stories through the means of ICT and story tapes
• Contribute photo, drawings, favourite pictures, and artefacts towards child’s own personal diary and encourage turning pages, looking and talking about books.

Mathematical development

This area of learning includes counting, sorting, matching, pairing, seeking patterns, making connections, working with shapes, space volume and developing appropriate mathematical vocabulary.

Children will have the opportunity to: 

• Enjoy joining in with number rhymes and songs.
• Use numbers and mathematical concepts in play 
• Compare groups of objects and organise objects into groups or classification
• Use shape in play and with puzzles, and be aware of shape in the environment.
• Observe and use positional language
• Have the opportunity to construct large and small equipment
• Have the opportunity to engage in sand and water lay to measure and pour.
• Develop an awareness of time, order and sequencing of events

Physical development

Physical development is intrinsic in everything young children do. Racing around

toy tractors, organizing the play farm or rolling out some play dough are all every day examples of children’s growing physical skills. It helps children gain confidence in what they do and enables them to feel the positive benefits of being healthy and active. Effective physical development helps children develop a positive sense of well-being.

Children will have the opportunity to: 

• Explore a range of outdoor and indoor large play equipment in a range of ways such as climbing, jumping, balancing, crawling, sliding and rolling.
• Construct with large materials such as planks, blocks, cartons and lengths of fabric.
• Operate large and small equipment by means of pushing, pulling and turning. 
• Engage in activities requiring hand-eye coordination such as puzzles, threading, posting, play dough, pouring, stacking, and small world equipment.
• Explore the dress up clothes, hats, costumes, masks and develop independent dressing skills and observe self and others in mirrors.
• Begin to use anticlockwise movement and trace vertical lines.
• Use a variety of crayons, pencils and thick chalk and learn to hold in correct pencil grip. 
• Show an awareness of space, themselves and others through movement to music, dance, actions to songs, outdoor games, water play and ride on equipment
• Use a range of mark making tools both vertically (murals) and on flat surfaces of various level(table top, floor, pavement, sand)
• Explore sensory materials such as shaving foam, slime, sand, mud, rice,

and textured paper/fabric.
• Engage in activities requiring hand-eye coordination

and use one-handed tools and equipment.

Understanding the world

In this area of learning, children are developing crucial knowledge, skills and understanding which help them to make sense of the world. This forms the foundations for later work in science, design and technology, geography, history, and ICT.

Children will have the opportunity to: 

• Show curiosity and observe and manipulate objects.
• Investigate construction materials and small world equipment.
• Use a range of objects and tools safely and appropriately.
• Observe changes in the environment, weather and living creatures.
• Have opportunity to be involved in the long term growing projects, i.e., seeds/plants/vegetables.
• Explore their environment and notice features in the place where they live and natural world.
• Gain an awareness of the cultures and beliefs of others.

Expressive arts & design

Creativity is fundamental to successful learning. Being creative enables children to make connections between one area of learning and another and to extend their understanding. This area of learning includes art, music, dance and movement to music, role play and drama, and imaginative play. 

Children will have the opportunity to: 

• Explore colour, shape, pattern, form and space in 2 and 3 dimensions.
• Recognize how sounds can be changed; sing simple songs from memory and make sounds and with body rhythm and musical instruments.
• Listen to a range of music/ rhythm / instruments.
• Make constructions, collages, paintings and drawings using a range of media and materials.
• Learn through all of their senses.
• Use imagination and ideas, and communicate some of those ideas to others.
• Use their bodies to explore texture and space.
• Work creatively on a large and small scale.
• Use a range of tools and materials with assistance.


This area of learning includes developing a love of books and stories, and developing important skills for future reading and writing.


Children will have the opportunity to: 


• Listen to and join in with stories, poems and songs, one to one and also in small groups.

• Show interest in illustrations and print in books and in the environment.

• Learn how to handle books carefully and appropriately

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