0-3 Months Milestones

New born babies come into the world ready and eager to explore and learn. They are geared to move, to find out about the strange new world and communicate with those around them. Amazing! Although not yet able to speak words and having appears little control over arms and legs, new born babies are all the time trying to understand what their bodies can do and making sense of everything that is going on. Development is very rapid in these first few months. New born babies are active explorers.

Major Milestones to look out for:

a. Move legs and arms in a general

way with limited control.


b. Hand control begins at 2 months.


c. Head control is much improved by the      time they are in their third month

1

Moving

a. Enjoys looking at anything near to face. They will be attracted to contrasting patterns and colours.
 

b. They can track an object a short distance away with eyes.

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    c. They will be attracted to

     contrasting patterns and colours.

3

Learning

a. Responds to your voice within days.

 

b. Communicates through a greater range of cries and coos at 1 month.

 

c.Learning about turn taking as you

   speak- around 8 weeks (2 months).

2

Communicating

a. Responds to your voice within days.

 

b. Communicates through a greater range of cries and coos at 1 month.

 

c.Learning about turn taking as you

   speak- around 8 weeks (2 months).

4

Being with others

3-6 Months Milestones

3 months onwards babies are able to display more control over their arms and legs and are able to sit upright. They enjoy turning from one side to the other and from back onto tummy which helps with the important later skill of standing and is vital for learning. Exploration continues with lots of banging objects and putting things in mouths! Communication is now about babbling in a sing-song way. When the little babies are happy they laugh and also cry when they are annoyed or struggling for us to understand their need of that moment and feeling frustrated.

Major Milestones to look out for:

a. They can mostly sit upright with support or help at 4 months.


b. They can help themselves with holding a bottle when being fed.


c. They start to find ways to move from 5     months.

1

Moving

a. They attempt and copy familiar actions they see that the adults or children around them do.


b. They can now ignore distractions around.


  c. They are able to recognise and

    identify themselves in a mirror by 6              months.

3

Learning

a. They make more babbling sounds which are more speech-like with many different sounds.


b. They laugh and chuckle when they are excited.


  c. They respond to music.

2

Communicating

a. They are able to recognize familiar faces.


b. They start to form an attachment to a favourite toy.


c. By the time they are 6 months, first         signs of shyness will start to appear.

4

Being with others

6-9 Months Milestones

 Babies from 6 months onwards ideally start sitting up without any help from others and quite confidently. Mobility is increased through moving or crawling which means the world is opening up to the babies on a wider platform and offers new opportunities for play and exploration. Some of the little ones can stand by the end of this period. There is a significant increase in speech sounds. Babbling becomes more controlled and good listening skills start to mean and show that they can detect where the words begin and end. Self-confidence and an awareness of the others also increases.

Major Milestones to look out for:

a. By 7 months can grasp objects with one hand.


b. They will be able take hold of objects with a grip of thumb and index finger by 8 months.


  c. They can sit without assistance.

    They will start to crawl proficiently.

        Some babies will be able to

              stand  by 9 months.

1

Moving

a. They copy more actions of others, including waving.


b. They enjoy dropping things and watching them fall. They explore this cause and effect by 7 months.


  c. At 9 months they are constantly

    trying to arrange objects into

        patterns and shapes.

3

Learning

a. They are using gestures like arm waving to be picked up.


b. They listen well to familiar words, like ‘’mummy’’ and ‘’daddy’’. They also start to follow simple instructions.


  c. They will often say first words by 9            months.

2

Communicating

a. They keenly start to enjoy their company with other babies. It is extremely fascinating for them!


b. By the time they are 8 months ‘’peek-a-boo’’ kind of games becomes their personal favourites activities.


    c. As they turn 9 months they express          distress when another person in

            their proximity is upset.

4

Being with others

9-12 Months Milestones

The final months of their first year, the babies are getting very active and they demand to be involved in everything that is happening. Often they will insist on doing things their way and wanting to make decisions. Improved hand-eye coordination by this time will mean that some activities for caretakers will become easier but a new behaviourial aspect of witnessing their temper and tantrums as they express their frustration. Many children are capable of walking around holding onto furniture and some can stand briefly without any support. Babies are able to understand and recognise between 20 and 50 words therefore language is used for communications by adults between them and babies. This is the time when we might hear their first words!!!!!

Major Milestones to look out for:

a. The baby will move along the floor

with confidence and agility. 


b. They can make marks on paper with a crayon.


c. They have a sense and expression of a preferred hand.


       d. By 12 months, some children                    display early signs of

                  walking.

1

Moving

a. Their concentration and focus

becomes much better. Can be up to 1 minute by 11 months.


b. They love to try newer things like puzzles and adapts strategies to new situations.

3

Learning

a. They understand the word ‘’no’’. They shake their heads from side to side to say ‘’no’’.


b. They will be able to speak one or two words although not always very clear by the time they are 12.


   c. They start to respond up to 50

      words.

2

Communicating

a. They love their close contact with their parents or caretakers. They are able to give and receive hugs very happily!


b. They start to enjoy playing alongside others.


  c. When frustrated they show it. Start

   to lose temper quickly. 

4

Being with others

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